Observe how our Bill of Rights are framed. It says "Congress shall make no law respecting...or prohibiting the free exercise of.....the right of people to bear arms shall not be infringed." They were very careful not to make rights as a law, but rather prohibited laws from violating rights, which are not themselves law. This is a very important distinction, and one which our Fathers were very careful to keep in framing our documents.
They didn't last long, but developed into an oligarchy. Also, people had too much direct voting in all matters, which is how a general who won six battles was condemned and Socrates was put to death, by listening to eloquent speakers, being swept away with the emotion of the moment, and not knowing all the facts, as common people are prone to do. The system couldn't stand.
What does it matter? He was French, but the French didn't prosper as a democracy during those times, but don't tell the French that It was the English-speaking colonies, who already had liberty in their minds who could be captivated by what a Frenchman could say in furtherance of their goals, which already existed.
The Constitution sowed the seeds of liberty at the foundation, purposely, in the hopes of extinguishing slavery, which would have died out of its own inanition, if it weren't for Southern democrat judges legislating from the bench. Lincoln became so disheartened by the Kansas-Nebraska act, that was when he decided to enter politics, because it wasn't working to quench slavery as the Constitution was carefully crafted and designed to do.
As I said, it wasn't in one stroke, but the character of the English led to it in several strokes when it became necessary to preserve liberties, and the first evidence is the Magna Carta. But some kings were more-or-less good and change wasn't so necessary, but others would cross the line, which is why the people stood up and more reform became necessary and the English Civil War 1642-1651 transferred more power from the throne to Parliament, which became formalized in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Laws were made in 1800s to further democratic change. But in the end, the people didn't take very lightly to their rights being violated.
yes, all that is true, but we didn't become a nation in a vacuum. There were things that led to other things, and Americans were full of ideas of decency and representation and liberties that we got from British values, and we took them further. We had the Boston Tea Party because we protested Taxation without Representation. Where did we get that from? That's not just an American idea. Can you imagine Chinese serfs doing such a thing at that time in China, or anytime, or even now? We got it from Britain, and we used it against them when they were being hypocritical.