Most current list* (mid-2015):
Maryland, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Mississippi, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Arizona, and Alabama.
*Sourced from three different news articles about reciprocity. Taipei Times has the most current article about it. Nothing since 2015.
NOTE: The AIT website takes you to a page that details the reciprocity between U.S. states and Taiwan driver's licenses; meaning, can you drive in California on a Taiwan DL? - not the other way around. Unless I'm missing something on the poorly assembled PDF... Either way, you can fuckin' Google it with more alacrity than crawling through the AIT and MOFA sites.
By the way, sounds like OP has to get his DL the old fashioned way: apply, take tests, drive, smile for the camera. Do they take your picture for your DL here? I dunno. My state isn't on the list so I'm not fuckin' driving here. Period.