Hmmm. Are you saying that black people and white people are fundamentally different sorts of people? Different to the point where what they are is hard-wired beyond even the malleability of genes and environment? Different, indeed, as a direct result of their skin colour?
Fascinating, Captain. It’s only a short step from there to ‘the white man’s burden’, so it’s no wonder you recoil so far from the logical implications of your beliefs.
Don’t bandy around words like ‘pseudoscience’ unless you actually have a science education. IQ tests measure what they measure. If you don’t want to use the word ‘intelligence’, that’s fine. There is lots to criticize about them - for example, boiling down a multidimensional result (visio-spatial, verbal, etc) into a single number loses a lot of information - but there is nothing ‘pseudo’ about them. If someone cannot mentally rotate a triangle then they cannot mentally rotate a triangle, and that has real-world implications.
Er no. Finland is one of the top scorers, and they are renowned for having actual, proper education. Again, while there might be some valid criticisms, it’s pretty indisputable that the people on the top of the PISA survey churn out functional kids and the ones at the bottom churn out useless idiots.
Anyway, it’s an unfortunate fact of life that most of what we call ‘education’ is just memorization, and there’s absolutely nothing wrong with that. While thinking about stuff is important, it’s not much use if you don’t have some hard facts to think about. Five times six will always be thirty; it doesn’t matter how you get that fact into someone’s head, but for most people it’s a useful thing to know.