DO NOT RELY ON THIS AS GOSPEL ! IT IS SIMPLY MY EXPERIENCE. GET AN ELECTRICIAN ! I AM NOT AN ELECTRICIAN !
Just because you have three prongs doesn’t mean you have a ground. (My flat has Live Live Neutral - specifically for creating 220V out of 2x110V supplies, I am told).
The only way I have heard of to ground anything here is to run an earth wire to the water pipes and hope they are copper all the way down to the ground. The backplate of what is called the consumer unit in the UK is not actually attached to anything in particular (the wall!). Taiwan Power does not supply an earth, and unless your building has its own earth then the water pipes are your best bet. Your 110 or 220 volt AC is not necessarily earthed, although the fact that it is attached to the building may mean that in the event of a short to the case, the path of least resistance to earth may be through the building directly rather than you and then through the building (the floor you are standing on).
I have checked the quality of my “earth” (water pipe) by measuring the potential difference between live and neutral and between live and “earth”. It is almost the same. Not that that’s a solution. But I’d rather the taps went live than me.
As I’m sure you’re aware, Taiwanese apartments are wired in a manner that would be rewarded with a prison sentence in the UK. I have a 220VAC A/C drawing 33 Amps with no earth. Nor is it “double insulated” (the bits you are likely to touch are plastic and therefore do not conduct electricity), as the arse end of it pokes out onto my balcony and kills my plants.
My landlord has paid over NT$7,000 for a spark of unknown provenance to come round and fiddle with the wiring, to little end as far as I can see.
Your computer leccy filter device needs an earth to work.
Remeber an earth is just a very good connection to ground, better than you, and therefore the electricity will flow through it rather than you. When there is a short to the case of your device, the earth wire becomes live at one end and ground at the other. (Electricians please don’t shoot me!). Therefore your touching that closed circuit will not result in electrocution at these low voltages UNLESS you represent a better earth than the earth itself.
I thoroughly recommend getting a proper electrician out - and be warned they all appear to be ferociously expensive (my landlord paid NT$1,000 an hour - comparable to the UK).
What, pray tell, is wrong with a 220VAC 13Amp ring main, a 5 Amp lighting circuit, and a separate circuit for heavy kitchen appliances, all on two earths - one from the electricity company, and one deep in your back yard ? (To be sure, to be sure…!)