Iiuc, just to get it notarized/authenticated is not enough.
This is correct. It’s my situation, currently.
You should provide a document that proves the not-listed degree equals to a university or college degree issued by the local educational competent authorities in the reference list of Ministry of Education.
If I’m reading the MoJ policy correctly, this is a little off. I don’t want to quote long passages here, but if you read it yourself (it’s in English), the relevant portion is in Articles 8 and 9. It’s on the university (the MoJ link is about university applications for students, but this MoE page–Chinese only, sorry–states that the same guidelines should be followed by employers) to check with your issuing institution, not you, if it doesn’t appear on the reference list. It says they have to create a panel to investigate if there’s any uncertainty after checking your school whether it satisfies the Article 4 requirements.
Plus, in the English version it says “shall,” not “should,” which iiuc in US law means “mandatory,” meaning that the employer can’t (according to policy anyway) just say sorry, your school’s not on the list so we can’t hire you. That’s why it says the list shouldn’t be regarded as final, not because your school still might not be good enough if it’s on the list, but because it may be just fine even if it’s not there.
But of course, not everybody follows these guidelines. It’s not 100% though, I have a couple of job applications in with universities who accepted my M.Ed because I got my diploma and transcripts authenticated at the tecro office in DC. It’s completely messed up that the Taichung public schools don’t seem to recognize it–that’s what Teach Taiwan is insisting, although I think in reality they could actually just choose to accept my credentials if they chose to.
As to the distance learning question, if you read Article 10 in the MoJ link, it says correspondence degrees are no good, but one earned in “distance mode” from a university is OK as long as it satisfies Article 4, which says nothing at all about how many classes have to be attended in person.
So anyway, get your degree authenticated no matter what. If you want to get anything beyond the k-12 level other than cram schools, you’re going to need it. And thankfully, at least some schools are good enough with the authenticated documents (get your transcripts done too, though, assume it will be required) even if your school isn’t on the vaunted List.
Honestly though, it’s such a clunky system. They really should do something about it at MoE, or at least answer emails.