I knew that I never really understood how the Nobel Prizes were given out, but this year, I’ve become really confused. The following article ( usatoday.com/news/nation/200 … obel_x.htm ) describes some physicists who were just named the winners of the 2004 Nobel Prize for Physics. The confusing part for me is that the achievement for which they are receiving the prize occurred in 1973.
When they give these awards out, do they comb backwards through history for receipients or have I missed something? I naively thought that the accomplishment had to take place within the previous year or something like that.
Anyone understand this process?