[quote=“Hokwongwei”]Jesus TMD Christ, Taipei Times just won’t let go of Tongyong Pinyin, will they? Their ideological constraints are really holding that paper back.
Anyway… No, not Okinawa. Okinawa is 沖繩, whereas 琉球 is Ryuku. (Okinawa is one of the Ryuku Islands, so confusing them is like conflating Taipei with Taiwan… which the country’s Olympic teams still can’t get straight!)
Liuqiu used to be a vague term for islands east of China (see Wikipedia), which would include Taiwan. We all know how non-specific Chinese can be at time, and this was no exception. So if Okinawa was Greater Liuqiu, Taiwan and its islets were Lesser Liuqiu. Which is funny, since the island of Taiwan is about 30 times the island of Okinawa…[/quote]
Greater Ryukyu and Lesser Ryukyu began showing up in Japanese and Chinese documents around late 1200s. Greater Ryukyu refers to Okinawa, but it is never concrete where Lesser Ryukyu refers to.
Pre-European occupation, the first map showing Taiwan is a 1554 world map by Lopo Homem, which had an island named Fermosa, although has the shape and location of Penghu. In 1561, a Portuguese world map by Bartholomeu Velho had Taiwan divided into two islands. The one in the North is Fermosa, and the one in the south is Lequeo Pequeno, which would be Little Ryukyu.
Lopo Homem’s map. From the Penghu looking Fermosa northward, there’s Ilhas dos Reis Magos (Miyako jima), Ilhas dos Lequios?, Lequios?, Ilha do Fogo?, and I can’t make out the rest…
Ten years later, two Portuguese maps of East Asia, one dating 1568 and the other 1571, by Fernao Vaz Dourado and Lazaro Luiz had Taiwan divided into 3 islands. The one in the south is the biggest, the one in the north is the smallest, and there’s no label of Formosa anywhere. The island in the north is labelled Lequeo Pequeno.
A dutch map of China from 1584 by Abraham Ortelius & Ludovico Georio had Taiwan as 2 islands. Formosa in the north, and Lequeio Parva in the south. Later Dutch maps added a nameless middle island.
After the Dutch occupied Taiwan, they realized there is only one major island. The first European map with just 1 island would be the Dutch’s 1625 map of Packan (Taiwan), by Jacob Noordeloos. Then for a while they had Taiwan with only the west coast on the maps. Then they had the east coast, but believed it to be 3 smaller islands surrounded by the western regions.
After the Dutch and the Spaniards left the region, European’s knowledge of Formosa regressed and Taiwan was shown as 3 smaller islands again in a couple of maps back in the 17th century.
taiwancon.com/599/%E5%9C%8B% … %A9100.htm