Two questions about Ma Joang history:
- Ma Jiang 麻将 supposedly developed from earlier card games.
One I read about is Ma Diao - 马吊 of the Ming Dynasty.
Furthermore there seems to have been another card game during the Sund Dynasty - Ya Pei? Or Ya Pai? (Spare me Yuppie and Yazee wordplays, okay ).
How is this Ya Pei written in Chinese characters? Did not find anything myself.
- Ma Jiang is sometimes referred to as the “Game of 100 Intelligences”. But also for this I could find neither a Chinese translation or source.
Does anyone know if this was actually a term coined in China? Or was it rather some sales slogan / advertisement during the Mah Jong craze in the U.S. during the 1920s?
Thanks in advance.