I have never learned tones formally and maybe it would be better if I had, yet I find my tones are 90% correct having picked them up from practice…[/quote]
Unfortunately this doesn’t help you when trying to pronounce new words you come across that you have never heard pronounced before. Such as phrases that might be posted in this thread. You might be able to imitate the sounds you hear which most people should be able to do after some time and practice, but strung together in a conversation, you’re probably less right than you think you are.
I find the most useful way of memorizing the tones is putting them together. You don’t need to spend hours doing silly hand gestures. Just remember what 1st and 4th tone sound together and 2nd and 3rd tone together.
Perhaps my example of “th” and “tr” was inadequate. How would you like it if I posted everything from now without any vowels. How would that do your head in? Therefore I’m reposting your phrases with tones:
怎樣 - Zen3Yang4 - ,
就是這樣 - Jiu4 Sh4i Zhe4Yang4 - ‘…its just like that’ …throw in at the end of any sentence, Taiwanese do!
馬子 - Ma3Zi …!
太 離譜 了 - ’ tai4 li2pu3 le’ …
讚 - zan4!
What do I say in this situation?
Can I insert some kind of word which kills the time where I think about something else? Like „ah, well, ok, then I’ll take …“?[/quote]
You can just use 那 - na4 this word works well for saying things like “then” and well" i.e. “那…我要一個芝麻包” or you could say 我想一下 wo3xiang3yi2xia4 “let me think a moment”
As for the list of words posted earlier all with the 口 radical, if you remember that the last sound of the sentence can determine which word to use it makes it easier. For example, if you use 了 le at the end of a sentence and want to add an 啊 a1 for emphasis then it becomes 啦 la1. The same goes for 了 le and 喔o which becomes 嘍 lou1. Words like 嘛 ma and 喔o1 have their own special meaning too which will help you sound more natural. If you want to convince someone of your point, then you state something as being obvious by adding a 嘛 ma at the end. And 喔 can be use as a cute way of telling someone to do something, again adding it at the end of a sentence.
Here are some more common phrases:
- 不可思議 - bu1ke3si1yi4 - inconceivable - 真的是不可思議 - zhen1de shi4 bu4ke3si1yi4 That’s really inconceivable.
- 亂七八糟 - luan4qi1ba1zao1 - to describe something that is a total mess or chaotic
- 詭異 - gui3yi4 “creepy” 奇怪 - qi2guai4 “strange”
- 結果咧? - jie2guo3lei - “then what happened?” you can use when someone is telling a story and you want to hear the conclusion 咧 is very Taiwanese and can be used to replace 呢 ne i.e. 你呢?, 你咧?
I’ll try to write more as I think of them.