Hi there. Does anybody know the names of the 11 ports opened up by the treaty of Tianjin in 1858?
I spent a few hours on google before coming on here. No dice. Please share a URL with me if you have found one. Thanks
Assuming you are not in the PRC, go to Google and search for;
Treaty Of Tianjin 1858 “Ports”
You’ll find what you need there.
(emphasis is mine)
Those ten, plus of course Tianjin, are the eleven you are looking for. For the names I didn’t recognise, Kiungchow is apparently Qiongzhou on Hainan island and Niuchuang (Niuzhuang) is the old name for Yingkou in Liaoning province.