Earlier I posted a question about this, in an attempt to help a friend in the United States who has contemplated returning to Taiwan. (Those of you who think me a Nazi may note that Daud is a Moslem Uighur, which is a kind of Turk.)
Thanks to Richard Hartzell’s new website I have now found the relevant legal wording:
“Anyone not living in Taiwan, and whose parents have no record of household registration in the Taiwan area, but who is of DOCUMENTABLE CHINESE ANCESTRY…”
…may receive what Richard calls “Type II citizenship” (an “overseas Chinese passport” but no Taiwan ID card).
My question is, what counts as “documentable Chinese ancestry”? (The “…and what do they get for it?” half is now answered on that site.)
This issue naturally breaks down into three subsidiary issues:
(a) What documents are acceptable? (self-explanatory)
(b) What is “Chinese”?
Again, does “Chinese” = “Han”? Daud made enquiries and learned that according to the “Three Principles of the People” Han, Tibetans, and “Hui” are all considered “Chung Guo Ren” (“Chinese”).
[Richard, if you read this, could you confirm which term for “Chinese” is used in the original Chinese version of the law?]
Now “Hui” in mainland China refers to one particular Moslem group, which is different from Uighur. But according to Taiwan usage “Hui” includes Moslems in general. Since obviously not every Moslem in the world can be considered Chinese, I speculate that it might mean “ethnic Moslem denizens of Chinese territory” which includes Xinjiang (which is the region where Uighurs come from).
If territory is a criterion, then this leads to the question of, according to which boundaries? The big maps they put up in schools here, showing Mongolia as a part of China? (I can’t follow how this affects Daud, but apparently the border with Russia has changed.)
Again, note that the movement of overseas “Chinese” from south China to southeast Asia, exactly parallels Daud’s family’s flight from Chinese to Russian territory.
© What is “ancestry”? For example, if some of one’s ancestors are “Chinese” (however defined) and some are not, how would the applicant’s status be determined? The “one drop” rule?
Daud got the runaround from various government agencies, probably because they couldn’t understand any of this. (I confess that I barely can.) So it’s understandable if the questions haven’t come up, and there’s no official policy on this. But who knows? Any other Chinese subject peoples out there posting?