I redrew those flags in vetor graphics for my Taiwanese flag design group:
plus.google.com/u/0/communities ... 6796567434
Flag of USMG, Taiwan. USMG, Taiwan is supposed to work in concert with TCG, Taiwan Civil Government, modeled after what they have on Guam.
The flag design is based on USAF roundel, Japanese red sun, and the map of Taiwan.
Flag of TCG, Taiwan Civil Government. TCG claims their establishment of TCG and USMG, Taiwan, is in accordance with the Treaty of San Francisco and international law, and is what should have happened after the treaties were signed. TCG believes that the Japan's emperor has Taiwan's sovereignty and the US is the principle occupying power of Taiwan. As such, American president has the obligation to normalize Taiwan's status under UN Charter and Elements of International Law.
The flag design is based on US star, part of the USAF roundel, Japanese red sun, and the map of Taiwan.
It is important to note that TCG doesn't directly seek Taiwanese Independence. Their goal is to become like Guam or post-war Okinawa first, and then perhaps pursue independence via referendum under US protection.
Therefore, I think what Dog's_Breakfast said is incorrect. You cannot get a ROT passport from TCG. You can probably get a TCG national ID card. Based on TCG's claims, I'd imagine people of TCG will need to get US passports, like the Chamorro and other resident of Guam.
There's another group, called TGUSA, that later split with TCG, which seeks Taiwanese Independence, and was kicked out of TCG because for TCG, directly seeking Taiwan Independence is treason...
Flag of TGUSA. TGUSA basically follows the same line of logic as TCG, but they down play the significance of Japanese sovereignty and bypass the USMG part, jumping straight for an independent government.
The design features the US star, part of the USAF roundel, the 13 stripes of the US flag, inverted Japanese sun, and the map of Taiwan.