[quote=“fcqmax”]Background: both parents are Taiwanese, I was born in the US
Here’s my step by step plan:
- Go back to US to apply/obtain ROC Passport
- Enter Taiwan with ROC passport
- Use ROC passport to apply for ROC ID
Sounds easy but after reading a bit more, it seems like I need to stay in Taiwan 1 year before applying? And that there are 2 different residencies, temporary/permanent?
Like some other posts I read, if you are required to leave Taiwan every 3/4 months to avoid drafting, doesn’t the requirement of not leaving Taiwan for 1 year force you to be drafted? Or because you are not a legitimate Taiwanese citizenship yet then you are exempted and that they start counting AFTER you receive your Taiwanese ID?
PS The search engine here doesn’t give me results I want and googling this site doesn’t answer any of my answers.[/quote]
I’ve researched this extensively, but since I have not gone through the process myself, everything I’m about to say should be verified with the proper authorities. I’m not responsible if you get drafted or don’t get your citizenship.
That said, I’d be interested if you could tell me where the proper places to go and the proper forms to fill out to get this started are. I have no idea where to go or who to ask to get this started, which is why I keep putting this off.
Your step by step listed above is the basic proper procedure.
To answer your questions:
You apply for the ROC passport first. It’s a special overseas ROC passport, and does not guarantee citizenship. You have to enter Taiwan on that ROC passport, and that is when the 1 year begins counting. Within that one year, you can leave, but you cannot be outside Taiwan for more than a total of 30 days. After the one year, you can then apply for full fledged citizenship and get your Taiwan ID. Technically, you are also not allowed to be legally employed during that one year, but I’ve been told by several sources that it’s relatively easy to get exceptions to this.
You do have to leave every 4 months. Don’t even overstay by one day. Before you can get this exemption, make sure you confirm your Overseas status with the proper authorities. I believe there is some paperwork. Additionally, you can’t have stayed in Taiwan for more than 4 months at a given time since your 19th birthday. If you have ever stayed for more than 4 months consecutively since your 19th birthday, then you cannot get this exemption.
If you hold a master’s degree in a technical field, you can apply for a program where you work in Taiwan’s high tech industry for 4 years to fulfill your military service. This seems like the ideal option, as you get to collect a regular salary and live normally during that time. The only difference between this and normal life is that you cannot leave that particular company for 4 years. There are a few people in my company who are going through this program. After the 4 years, you are free to come and go as you please, and you will have a certificate that you did your military service, just like everyone else.