Noticed this comment in Arrested in Thailand:
The country was ruled so much better under the British.[/quote]
why? was it because the British government forced opium upon the people of southeast Asia instead of outlawing it, [/quote]
Surely “the French” and “the USA” ? (but that wasn’t until later?) I know the British were busy feeding Chinese (and English) opium addicts in the 19th Century, but “the people of southeast Asia” ? Who ? When ? The Burmese ?
I thought the majority of India and Burmese opium went to England and the US.
Any more info on opium consumption in SEA ? I’ve had a look at various websites but they all tend to deal with China and the trade with India. I already know a fair bit about that, but I can’t get any concrete info on SEA. All the sites refer to “South-East Asia”, but don’t break it down further.
Any good websites on the history of opium production and sales in SEA that don’t deal with SEA as just an afterthought ?
(currently trying to give up smoking:( , hence the interest in addiction-related stuff… )
From PBS: (pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline … story.html)
During World War II, opium trade routes are blocked and the flow of opium from India and Persia is cut off. Fearful of losing their opium monopoly, the French encourage Hmong farmers to expand their opium production.
Burma gains its independence from Britain at the end of World War II. Opium cultivation and trade flourishes in the Shan states.
U.S. efforts to contain the spread of Communism in Asia involves forging alliances with tribes and warlords inhabiting the areas of the Golden Triangle, (an expanse covering Laos, Thailand and Burma), thus providing accessibility and protection along the southeast border of China. In order to maintain their relationship with the warlords while continuing to fund the struggle against communism, the U.S. and France supply the drug warlords and their armies with ammunition, arms and air transport for the production and sale of opium. The result: an explosion in the availability and illegal flow of heroin into the United States and into the hands of drug dealers and addicts.
Burma outlaws opium.
U.S. involvement in Vietnam is blamed for the surge in illegal heroin being smuggled into the States. To aid U.S. allies, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) sets up a charter airline, Air America, to transport raw opium from Burma and Laos. As well, some of the opium would be transported to Marseille by Corsican gangsters to be refined into heroin and shipped to the U.S via the French connection. The number of heroin addicts in the U.S. reaches an estimated 750,000.