how is the Taiwanese school-system here?
I guess that depends on your view of education.
-how many hours a day do the children attend school
7:30am - 4:00pm in general. 1st and 2nd grade finish at around 12 and the rest of the elementary students have Wednesday and sometimes Friday afternoons off. Those exceptions don’t apply to private schools in general, and some junior high schools go until 5pm or later.
-when does the semester/school year start and end
Start - September, End - June
-how long do they have summervacation
2 months, July and August
-how is their schedule, what lessons do they focus more on (less…)
The focus is mainly on the core subjects - Chinese, math, science, English, history, geography, social studies, in about that order. They also have things like art, computers and music, but these cannot be taken as a subject.
-how do the teachers “punish” children for bad behavior
That depends on the teacher and school. Physical punishment is illegal, but it still happens in some places. Other than that its the general things like standing at the back of the class of some form of bribery (e.g. candy).
my son is not nearly enough ready for any school (he’s only 2,5 months!!) but I have this idea that the danish school-system is way better than the Taiwanese…
Like is said, it depends on your view or education. Taiwanese students learn a lot of things and get to very high levels, expecially in math and science. But the learning is often parrot fashion and students are generally not encouraged to think for themselves or be creative. I think the Taiwanese education can be good if used as a base and then supplemented. JdSmith has some interesting opinions on this subject and I’m sure he would be prepared to give you some advice.
Just my 2c worth … hope it helps!