What IS civil disobedience?

I just started reading this article

usatoday.com/news/opinion/ed … edit_x.htm

from USA today of all places and they said this

and I haven’t been able to finish the article…

Civil disobedience, 21st century, means rioting, assault and murder??

Holy fucking batcrap! Have the rules been changed?

Is “Rage against the machine” the new call to arms, in a literal sense?

If what’s happening in France is “Civil Disobedience” then what just happened in Jordan is, what, a “confrontation?”