Great Post! (Above) This is similar to my situation.
Here is some more details, and outlook on: Obtaining Taiwan Citizenship after 20+
1. Obtain Overseas Taiwan Passport:
You need the following: 1. Father ROC Passport, 2. Parent’s Marriage Certificate, 3. Your own US Birth Certificate 4. Application form to apply. 5. Household Registration (Original Copy Valid for only 3 months) Apply at any TECO Office. My parents had actually flown back to Taiwan to get an original copy of the Household Registration at the District Household Registration Office (戶籍事務所). Because my dad had his US Citizenship since 1990, he had lost his old ROC passport. In order to get a new ROC Passport, he needed to apply at the TECO office and provide them with the Household Registration that shows his ROC ID Number. His passport took about 1 month for the 10 year validity, Express (valid for 1 year) takes 2 weeks time to process. Then, we submitted all of the 5 documents for my Overseas Passport. Time took approx. 1 month. No translation needed. Parents were married in New Mexico, so the LA TECO accepted the document as is. I recommend calling TECO office to confirm you have all the correct documents before applying. Once you receive your Overseas ROC Passport, there is no ROC ID number. There is an Entry/Exist Permit in the middle of the passport book. This allows you to stay in Taiwan for 3 months. Extension for another 3 months is valid for a total of 6 months stay. This can be done at the National Immigration Agency. Fill out an extension paperwork, and pay $300 NT.
2. Obtain TARC - Taiwan Area Residential Card:
You need the following: 1. Parents Household Registration (Original) 2. Parents ROC ID Card 3. FBI Clearance (Authenticated, Translated, Notarized) 4. US Birth Certificate (Authenticated, Translated, Notarized) 5. Parents Marriage Certificate (Authenticated, Translated, Notarized) 6. Taiwan Medical Clearance for AF353 7. US and ROC Overaseas Passport. The fee is $1000 NTU and all of the documents have to be submitted at the National Immigration Agency - Overseas ROC counter.
Where to start? My parents did not have their ROC ID Cards, and they had to re-establish their HUKOU (戶口）. They had only their ROC Passports Renewed, so they needed to enter Taiwan on their ROC Passports. In order to re-establish their HUKOU (戶口), they needed to: 1. Enter Taiwan on ROC passport, 2. Provide a Grant Deed Paper, or Original Proof Property Tax Paid (for the property they are establishing their HUKOU), or 戶口名簿 （if they wanted to establish their 戶口 under somebody else’s). I recommend bringing all 3 paperworks if possible to the Household Registration Office when re-establishing your 戶口）Please make sure to go to the Household Registration Office that you are going to establish your HUKOU. Do not go to any Household Registration, it must be the assigned one.
My parents were single and married in the US Certificate, so they needed to register their marriage in order to prove I was their child. Therefore, they had to provide the translated, authenticated, and notarized US Marriage Certificate to the Household Registration Office to register their marriage. The US Marriage Certificate can be translated by anyone (yourself, or a formal translator). I just translated it myself since their is a template online. Just fill in all of the information. MINQUAN NOTARY. minquan-notary.com/p/english … ation.html. The original copy of the Marriage Certificate must be authenticated by the TECO office in the US. Since they were married in New Mexico, LA TECO is the assigned office. Pay $15 and fill out authenticated application to have it authenticated. No need for the Translated Version to be authenticated. Only the original. It takes 1 week to have the authentication done.
Once authenticated, bring back the original and translated version and have it notarized. I went to MINQUAN NOTARY, and they charge a fair price $750 NTU. He will have it done within an hour. Back to the Household Registration Office. It took 3 hours for my parents to 1. re-establish Household Registration 2. Register their marriage 3. and Receive their NEW ID cards. It can all be done within one day.
FBI Clearance - I submitted my FBI clearance when I was in the US. I went to a shop that said Fingerprint. I believe if you tell the Fingerprint shop FBI clearance, they know which fingerprint form the FBI department needs. Once you have conducted your fingerprint, mail your application material to the FBI Department in DC. It took me 12 weeks processing time, before receiving my results. So please remember to do this ASAP, since the gov. can really lag. Once you receive your original results, it must be authenticated in the US by the TECO DC office only. I mailed the original FBI result form, $15 cashier’s check only, and completed authenticated application form. Got the results back within 1 week. You must also provide them a return mail envelope already pre-paid. They will not give you back the results, unless you do so.
AF353 Health Check - I went to REN-AI Hospital near the Howard Plaza Hotel (Zhongxiao Fuxing MRT). Its on the first floor. You pay them $1600 NTU, and they give you blood test, and X-RAY for chest. It took 1 hour. You can pickup the results in one week time. I recommend having this done in Taiwan, like many previous have said.
Once you have all the documents, you must submit everything to the National Immigration Agency Items 1-6. Everything for me was authenticated in the US LA TECO office before coming to Taiwan, except for the FBI clearance authenticated in D.C. The translated versions were all notarized with MINQUAN NOTARY when I arrived in Taiwan. Then I submitted everything to National Immigration Office. Process took less than one hour. They asked for my Parents ID Cards (which we got beforehand), and all the documents. They return you the originals, but the keep the translated copies that were notarized. Pickup time is 7 working days. Once received, your TARC has a AF353 which means that you utilized your parents status to obtain permanent residency.
- Work Permit - I just submitted my open work permit application to the WDO near Ximen. Here is the address just in case you make the mistake since there are several WDO offices. No. 39, Section 1, Zhonghua Road Fl. 10. Its in the 台糖 building. 5 minute walk from Ximen MRT station. You provide them the following.
- Completed Work Application Form 2. Household Registration - Original Copy (Valid for 3 months). 3. Copy of your TARC Front and Back 4. US Passport Copy 5. 100 NTU. 5. Passport Photo Headshot. Process took less than 1 hour. You will take 12 working days before receiving it.
- National Medical Card - You can apply for a National Medical Card after 6 months of staying in Taiwan. Note: the time starts from the day you receive your TARC, not when you entered Taiwan on your ROC Overseas Passport. Once you have completed 6 months stay, you can visit the Social Reform Office (usually its in the 區公所building). I have not completed my 6 months so I am not eligible yet. They will need again an original copy of the Household Registration (valid for 3 months).
- Military - There is no military obligation since you are not registered on the Household Registration Card. Once you have satisfied the 1 year without exiting the country and apply for Taiwan Citizenship, then you will be required for military service. Something to think about if you go this route. I have heard you can apply for TI DAI YI in April for the Special forces - as long as you hold an overseas degree. I am not able to confirm.
- Extend your TARC until 39 - This is what NIA suggested. Since your TARC expires in 3 years, you can keep extending your TARC until the age of 36/39. And then do your one year stay and obtain citizenship. This way you do not have to do the military service. You can’t do some of the things of a citizen, but at least you can do plenty enough. Also, there is no requirement for how many days you need to be in Taiwan for the TARC. You just have to remember to keep extending your TARC up until age 36/39. This can be done at NIA office.
This is where I stand currently, and the process is long and exhausting. But at the same time is rewarding. You can be a dual citizen, and do not have to renounce your original citizenship which is a privilege. Welcome to Taiwan.