Regulations - E-Visa or ESTA with an NWOHR [National Without Household Registration] passport?

Can a NWOHR passport be used to apply E-VISA or ESTA?


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Any E-VISA: USA, Canada, Australia

You gotta be specific.

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For the US, I guess the question would be whether NWOHR is considered “citizenship”

According to Wikipedia:

Although NWOHR status only has one Chinese-language name, the Ministry of Justice has used several English translations. These include: “nationals without registered permanent residence in the Taiwan Area”,[2] “non-citizen ROC nationals”,[3] “unregistered nationals”,[4] “Overseas Chinese having not established household registration in the Republic of China”,[5] and “people without nationalities in Taiwan”.[6] The Taipei Times occasionally uses “nationals without citizenship”.[7][8]

Maybe @fifieldt can share some thoughts?

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page 50 of NWOHR passports show the following words in ink.
In Traditional Chinese:

Translation: “This passport is not eligible for visa waiver programs of some countries according to their regulations.”

from linko :

Exceptions: Passports issued since May 20, 2000, meet the definition of a passport under INA requirements as long as they contain a national identification number on the biographic page. Despite the term “passport” on the cover, documents that do not show that the bearer has a Taiwan national identification number do not allow the bearer unrestricted right to enter and/or reside in Taiwan and do not satisfy the definition of a passport under INA 101(a)(30). Pursuant to 22 CFR 41.104(b), the Department has waived the passport requirement for bearers of such documents, who may be issued visas on Form DS-232 if they are otherwise eligible. Visas should be limited to a single entry within three months. Such persons are considered stateless for visa issuing purposes.


In general NWHOR passports are not eligible for visa waiver programmes since they do not have the national ID field populated. They are regarded kinda like passports for aliens issued by some countries, like Estonia for its ethnic Russian residents.

NWHOR passports are not valid for the Schengen 90-days visa free waiver for instance I know.